SEMANTIC TOOLS FOR CARBON REDUCTION IN URBAN PLANNING
Co-funded by the European Commission within the 7th Framework Programme
This document describes the methodology developed during the first year of the SEMANCO project. Its purpose is to explain how the work of the Tasks in
different Work Packages (WPs) can be integrated. As such it introduces the tools and mechanisms used to ensure the integrated development of the
different components of the project
An environment has been developed to be used in the semantic integration processes which will lead to the creation of the Semantic Energy Information
Framework (SEIF). It consists of two tools: 1. an OWL mapping extractor and 2. an ontology mapping collaborative web environment. These tools will
help different users–domain experts, data owners, and ontology engineers to integrate data in a collaborative way using standard semantic technologies.
The tools also automate parts of the semantic integration process.
In particular, with these tools it is possible:
To generate an OWL ontology from a schema database (almost all data sources exist as databases).
To translate relational data stored in tables and columns to RDF format according the local ontology previously generated.
To provide an environment where users can easily map a local ontology to a global ontology according to their knowledge.
The tools are being validated through their application in the ontology building process leading to the SEIF. However, the tools are generic enough to be
applied to other projects dealing with building ontologies. The tools will be made available to the scientific and academic communities after being validated
through their application in the SEMANCO project
This work grounds the ICT development within the SEMANCO project in the case study sites. To do so it presents an initial analysis of the following for the
Spanish, Danish and UK sites:
the current situation with regard to the energy performance of the built environment
the urban planning policy frameworks and strategies for reducing CO2 emissions
the implemented urban planning schemes
the relevant actors involved in the urban planning processes
data requirements and data sources
the expected outcomes of the analytical tools under development
The purpose of this report is:
to propose a methodology for classifying and characterising energy related data by means of a shared terminology which will be used in the
subsequent semantic modelling and ontology building processes. This methodology will help domain experts and ontology engineers to identifying
concepts and relationships between data.
to provide a set of standard forms to collect and describe data and data sources which will be used in the ontology building process as well as in the
analysis performed by tools
Energy efficient urban planning processes involve multiple scales and time. Also, urban planning practices practices are multidimensional in nature as they
encompass social, political, economic, technical and environmental aspects. It is necessary, therefore, to have accounting frameworks to come up with the
appropriate energy performance indicators and strategies which then can be supported by tools accessing semantically modeled data. This report proposes
a methodology to be followed to identify those indicators and strategies operating at multiple levels and domains
The first release of SEMANCO wiki is now available. It contains twenty-one terms classified in concepts and technologies. Concepts refer to critical terms
which are applied throughout the project domains; technologies stand for the tools, techniques and methods –both, the existing ones as well as the ones
created by the project
This report provides strategies to monitor CO2 emissions and a list of indicators that can be used to measure the performance of strategies to reduce CO2
The processes of design, implementation and monitoring of the demonstration scenarios in the three cases of study are defined in this report. The
scenarios have been designed to ensure a comparable parallel development and to facilitate the exchange of experiences at the European level
This report provides: a ) Guidelines for structuring and semantically modelling energy data, allowing the building of ontologies; b) Standard Tables for
structuring and modelling the data; and c) Mapping Tables to create correspondences between the ontology and data deriving from the databases or from
This report provides guidelines for structuring and semantically modelling contextual data which are necessary for the development of the ontologies.
Some standards and literary references are presented as the main sources for carrying out the ontological work as regards the energy-related data. The
Standard Tables, in which the contextual data are structured and semantically modelled, are provided. The way to connect all the Standard Tables and to
refer them to different territorial scales constitutes a true application of semantics which is not constrained to buildings but which also embraces the urban
An ontology design methodology devised specifically for the project which focuses on the integration of data sources and on facilitating the processing of
federated queries. Ontology requirements are captured in the use cases and the activities have been processed to implement the semantic energy model.
A semantic energy model described as a formal ontology using Web Ontology Language 2 (OWL 2) is reported. This model comprises concepts gathered
from the use cases and the data sources provided by three case studies (Manresa, Copenhagen, Newcastle).
A presentation of the ontology repository which contains the data sources provided by the three case studies. The repository contains two kinds of data:
building typologies based on building use or year of construction; and urban data including contextual information. A semantic integration process has
been carried out to transform the relational data sources into Resource Description Framework (RDF) according to the semantic energy model developed in
the project. This process has applied the ontology mapping tools created in the project as well as the data sources mapping tables collected by the
The report is a description of two environments created in the project to support the ontology design and building, as follows. 1. An ontology editor, a tool
to facilitate cooperative ontology design involving ontology designers and domain experts, such as building engineers and energy consultants. 2. A
semantic data explorer to enable domain experts to explore the data exposed by the Semantic Energy Information Framework (SEIF).
The report summarises the findings from the stakeholder requirements capture conducted during the first eighteen months of the project. The outcomes of
this exercise are the identification, specification and validation of a range of Use Cases applicable to Denmark, Spain and the UK. The Use Cases are
described in the form of a detailed specification for the practical application of the ICT tools by a range of stakeholders.
This report presents a description of the development of the 3D building models in the three case study areas and of the energy modelling tools for the
case studies’ building stock. These tools are capable of identifying an urban area’s baseline energy consumption and CO2 emissions, a critical step for
correctly targeting CO2 reduction interventions.
This report describes the implementation of the first stage of the Implementation Plan, applying existing data and tools in real scenarios with actual users
in the Case Study areas. The report identifies refinements in the Use Cases and Tools that will be required for the second implementation round.
Report on Project Methodology
Lead partner: FUNITEC September 21, 2012
Environments for Collaborative Ontology Mapping
Lead partner: FUNITEC June 07, 2012
Report of the Case Studies and Analysis
Lead partner: CIMNE March 30, 2012
Report on the Accessible Energy Data
Lead partner: POLITO September 21, 2012
Report on Impact Evaluation
Lead partner: CIMNE September 21, 2012
Lead partner: FUNITEC October 08, 2012
Report on Strategies and Indicators for Monitoring CO2 Emissions
Lead partner: RAMBOLL October 15, 2012
Report on Implementation Plan
Lead partner: CIMNE October 15, 2012
Report on Guidelines for Structuring Energy Data
Lead partner: POLITO January 21, 2013
Report on Guidelines for Structuring Contextual Data
Lead partner: POLITO March 21, 2013
Report on Semantic Energy Model
Lead partner: FUNITEC March 21, 2013
Report on Ontology Repository with Migrated Data
Lead partner: FUNITEC April 30, 2013
Report on User Interfaces for Domain Experts Interacting with SEIF
Lead partner: HAS April 30, 2013
Report on Stakeholder Requirements Analysis
Lead partner: UOT April 30, 2013
Report on Building Extraction and Classification Tools
Lead partner: UOT July 31, 2013
This report describes the development of analysis tools which combine a visual-based approach with complex data mining to support the decision making
process of stakeholders and their consultants. The tools described achieve the retrieval and systematization (facilitated by the SEMANCO ontology),
probabilistic analysis and visualisation (interacting with the project’s 3DMaps) of data from a variety of sources.
Report on the Tools for Energy Analysis
Lead partner: HAS July 31, 2013
Report on Implementation Success Indicators
Lead partner: CIMNE June 18, 2013
The Semantic Energy Information Framework (SEIF) is a key technological component of the entire SEMANCO project. The main goal of the SEIF is to
facilitate the energy assessment and analysis tools integrated within the SEMANCO platform the access to the distributed data sources that hold the data
they require. The SEIF is made of the following components:
a federation engine; mapping tools; a semantic data explorer and a set of requirements in the energy model.
Report on Semantic Energy Information Framework
This document presents the SEMANCO integrated platform at its current level of implementation, at the end of the second year of the project. The content
of this report includes the development process undertaken in the last year of work -consisting of a sequence of cycles of design, development and testing
of the platform prototype- as well as the structure and functionalities of the platform at its current stage of development. The integrated platform is the
front-end for users with different profiles to interact with the semantic data using tools that are associated to a model of an urban energy system
Report on Prototype of the Integrated Platform
Lead partner: FUNITEC, October 30, 2013
Description of the interfaces –based on standard technologies such as SPARQL– to connect external tools with the data sources collected by means of the
Semantic Energy Information Framework (SEIF). A federation engine is introduced along with explanations of how interoperability issues (in terms of query
language and protocol of access) are solved. The SEIF mediates between tools and data sources at two levels: first, conceptually, by providing a semantic
energy model shared by tools and data; and second, technically, through a federation of related data sources and answering data queries
Report on Interfaces with external tools
Lead partner: FUNITEC, October 30, 2013
Lead partner: FUNITEC, October 30, 2013